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Timeline of History: 1961–1979

Significant Events in the history of the Los Angeles–based movement
for homosexual rights


June 26 [Tu]: Jim Kepner’s Western Gay Archives become incorporated as The Gay Archives: Natalie Barney / Edward Carpenter Library. First Directors are Jim Kepner, Dennis Lind, and Gary Hundertmark. The organization moves to a storefront location on Hudson Street in Hollywood.

Joseph Hansen publishes Skinflick.

Betty Berzon publishes Positively Gay.

May 21. White Nights Riots in San Francisco to protest the sentencing of Dan White to less than five years in prison for killing Harvey Milk and George Moscone.

1978

Joseph Hansen publishes The Man Everybody Was Afraid Of.

1977

1976

Sept. 4: David G. Kennedy elected Treasurer of HIC.

Betty Berzon and Myra Riddle form a support group for lesbians which soon becomes the Southern California Women for Understanding.

Vern Bullough, Jim Kepner, and Dorr Legg’s two-volume Annotated Bibliography of Homosexuality published by Garland Publishing Company, Incorporated (©1976 by the Institute for the Study of Human Resources).

1975

Jim Kepner begins to call his collection the Western Gay Archives.

Nov. 9: HIC moves its office from Cahuenga Blvd. to 6715 Hollywood Blvd., #210

1974

Joseph Hansen, as Rose Brock, publishes Longleaf.

June: three-day Forum on Variant Sex Behavior held in Los Angeles, sponsored by ISHR and organized by Vern and Bonnie Bullough. Evelyn Hooker, Laud Humphries, Christopher Isherwood, Christine Jorgensen, and Virginia Prince were among the participants.

May 30 [Th]: First “Gay-In” held at the Merry-Go-Round in Griffith Park.

1973

Joseph Hansen publishes Death Claims.

Jan. 27 [Sat]: The Metropolitan Community Church at 22nd and Union is burned.

1972

Joseph Hansen, as James Colton, publishes Known Homosexual and The Corruptor and Other Stories. Trouble: A Dave Brandstetter Mystery is published in his own name.

1971

October: Opening of the Los Angeles Gay and Lesbian Community Services Center (now the L.A. Gay and Lesbian Center). Founders include Morris Kight, Don Kinhefner, and Betty Berzon. This is the nation’s first social services agency for lesbians and gays.

March 7: First service held in the Metropolitan Community Church’s new location at 22nd and Union.

Homosexual Information Center is granted exemption from federal income tax under §501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.

The House that found a Home published, a book by Jim Kepner documenting Jim Schneider’s ordeal of nearly losing his home through imminent domain.

Joseph Hansen, as James Colton, publishes The Outward Side and Todd. As Rose Brock, he publishes Tarn House.

1970

Joseph Hansen publishes Fadeout, his first David Brandstetter mystery novel (Harper and Row, publishers).

Tangents Magazine ceases publication.

June 28 [Su]: Christopher Street West holds the first Gay Pride Parade, organized and promoted by Morris Kight and Rev. Troy Perry. Perry begins a ten-day fast afterward in protest of laws that discriminate against homosexuals.

Feb.: Protest at Barney’s Beanerie on Santa Monica Blvd.


1969

Joseph Hansen, as James Colton, publishes Hangup, Cocksure, and Gard.

Dec.: The Supreme Court of California rules that the state cannot revoke a teacher’s credential due to homosexual conduct.

Gay Liberation Front founded in Los Angeles by Morris Kight. Harry Hay becomes the group’s first Chair.

The Gay Activists Alliance forms in New York.

Nov. 5: The HIC successfully pickets the Los Angeles Times for its refusal to print the word “homosexual” in advertisements.

Oct.: Dr. Evelyn Hooker, after heading a fourteen-member task force that had been sponsored by the National Institute of Mental Health, publishes a report criticizing laws that reinforce discrimination against homosexuals.

Sept.: Homophobic Ed Davis becomes Chief of the Los Angeles Police Department.

Harry Hay, Morris Kight, and Leo Lawrence orchestrate meetings that lead to the creation of the Gay Liberation Front of Los Angeles (in Dec.).

Aug. 5: North American Conference of Homophile Organizations (NACHO) meeting convenes in Kansas City, Missouri.

July: Gay Liberation Front formed in New York.

June 28 [Sat.]: Stonewall Riots begin in Greenwich Village, New York, just after 1:20 a.m.

May: Homophobic Los Angeles City Councilman Paul Lamport is voted out of office. He blames The Advocate in part for his defeat. Harry Hay, Don Slater, Troy Perry, Mike Steele, and Jim Kepner had organized a protest of Lamport’s appearance at ONE, Inc.

1968

Nov. 4: Articles of Incorporation of Homosexual Information Center filed with Frank M. Jordan, Secretary of State of the State of California (available as PDF). State of California Franchise Tax Board grants the HIC exemption from franchise tax.

Oct. 6: Twelve people attend the first service of the Metropolitan Community Church, in the home of Troy Perry.

Aug. 14: Articles of Incorporation of Homosexual Information Center signed in the office of Herbert E. Selwyn by founding directors William Edward Glover, James V. Schneider, and Don Slater.

Jan. PRIDE is dissolved. The Los Angeles Advocate is sold for $1 to Dick Michaels, Sam Winston, and Bill Rand.

1967

Dec. 16 [Sa]: The Tangent Group presents the play The Women, with an all-male cast.

Oct. 15 [Su]: ONE, Incorporated celebrates its 15th anniversary.

Aug.: The newsletter for PRIDE (Personal Rights in Defense and Education) changes its name to The Los Angeles Advocate.

April 27 [Th]: Dismissal entered for case number 864 824 without prejudice, as to all defendants and cross-defendants, and as to all causes of action in the complaint and in the cross-complaint. The court battle between ONE, Incorporated and Donald Rutherford Slater, et al., is officially over.

April 25 [Tu]: Agreement of Settlement between the parties to the action of One, Incorporated vs. Slater, et al. Agreement made “by and among W. Dorr Legg, Chet Sampson, Lewis Bonham, Monwell Boyfrank, Gregory Coron, and Robert Newton (first parties) and Don Slater, William Glover, Rudolf Steinert, Joseph Hansen, Antonio Sanchez (second parties),” case number 864 824.

Feb. 11 [Sa]: Rally outside of the Black Cat Bar in Los Angeles. (Jim Kepner helped to organize.)

Jan. 1 [Su]: Los Angeles Police raid the Black Cat Bar within minutes after midnight New Year's eve. Six male patrons are charged with kissing, and sixteen people are arrested. Several bar-goers are injured, leading to future protests and a legal case.

1966

Nov. 3 [Th]: Odorizzi v. Bloomfield School District resolved. (This case was sponsored by the HIC.)

May 21 [Sa]: Los Angeles Motorcade in protest of the exclusion of homosexuals from the U. S. Armed Forces.

March 18 [Fr]: Committee to Fight Exclusion of Homosexuals from the Armed Forces issues a statement and a press release.

Feb. 19–20: Don Slater attends the National Planning Conference of Homophile Organizations held in Kansas City, Missouri. It was here decided to launch a national campaign to protest the exclusion of homosexuals by the U.S. Military. Forty leaders attend from fourteen different homophile organizations. The organizations unite to form NACHO, the North American Conference of Homophile Organizations.

Jan. 26 [We]: W. Dorr Legg answers Don Slater’s interrogatories in the law offices of Hillel Chodos, in Beverly Hills.

1965

Sept. 16th [Th]: Don Slater’s deposition taken in the law offices of Hillel Chodos, in Beverly Hills.

July 27 [Tu]: First public meeting of Mattachine Midwest

June 5 [Sa]: Don Slater voted off the board of ISHR based on allegations made by W. Dorr Legg.

The Institute for the Study of Human Resources (ISHR) is incorporated and granted tax exempt status under §501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.

May 18 [Tu]: Manuel Boyfrank’s letter to Jim Schneider advising him that ONE's board of directors had removed him from membership in the corporation.

May 16 [Su]: Rudi Steinert and Antonio Sanchez are removed from membership in ONE, Inc. by Dorr Legg's faction.

May 12 [We]: Jim Schneider sends a letter to Don Slater.

May 11 [Tu]: Don Slater sends a Letter to “Former Friends and Subscribers” of ONE Magazine, announcing ONE Inc.’s move from Venice to Cahuenga Blvd., in Hollywood and asking for help and “moral support.”

April 23 (or 25): Legg’s group votes in a special meeting to remove Don Slater from membership in ONE, Inc.

April 23 [Fr]: Joe Aaron resigns from ONE, Inc. due to “the present corporate dillema.”

April 21 [We]: Jim Schneider sends a letter to ONE Inc. members calling for an informal meeting in his home and demanding the resignation or reconciliation of Dorr Legg and Don Slater.

April 20 [Tu]: Jim Schneider’s letter to Don Slater expressing concern over the recent split of ONE Incorporated

April 18 [Su]: Don Slater, Antonio Sanchez, and Billy Glover move ONE’s library and office from Venice to Cahuenga Blvd. “for the protection of the property of the corporation.” They soon begin calling themselves The Tangent Group, after a regular news column in ONE Magazine usually written by Jim Kepner, and maintain that they are indeed “the majority of legally elected board members of ONE.” Kepner and others dub the event “The Heist,” but Slater describe the event as more of a mutiny.

April 15 [Th]: Don Slater signs a lease for office space on Cahuenga Blvd. in Universal City.

April 14 [We]: Ross Ingersoll, known as “Marcel Martin,” resigns as Associate Editor of ONE Magazine. Ingersoll had served as an editor since the resignation of Jim Kepner in November of 1960.

April 12 [Mo]: W. Dorr Legg storms into an editors’ meeting and forces the resignation of the editors of ONE Magazine, telling them they had no right to discuss or attempt to influence corporate policy.

March 2 [Tu]: Corporate meeting. Antonio Sanchez attends to address new members, but the chair, Dorr Legg, does not allow him the floor.

Feb. 5: Dorr Legg convenes a meeting as a continuation of the adjourned Corporate Meeting, despite Slater’s protest that it was instead a “special meeting,” citing Roberts Rules of Order and the California Civil Code. Slater again protested the 1964 “election” of Winn and Bonham. Legg announced that Rudi Steinert, who was away conducting ONE's business in Europe, would not be allowed to vote by proxy, even though substantial changes in the by-laws were being prepared. Legg further announced that they were going to elect additional members and that Slater would be dismissed as a member of the corporation. Slater withdraws in protest.

Jan. 29th and 30th: ONE Inc.’s Annual Business Meeting. Meeting adjourned on the 29th with no business conducted and resumed on Sat., without quorum Second meeting adjourned with no time or place set for a follow up meeting.

Joseph Hansen, as James Colton, publishes his second novel, Strange Marriage.

1964

Rudi Steinert’s letter to Chairman Joe Aaron requesting a Corporate Meeting, dated Sept. 9, 1964 (as “R. H. Stuart”).

Sept. 21: ISHR granted exemption from franchise tax by the State of California Franchise Tax Board, as a non-profit organization dedicated exclusively to scientific research and education.

The Institute for the Study of Human Resources (ISHR) founded by Don Slater, Antonio Sanchez, and W. Dorr Legg.

August 15th: Monwell Boyfrank’s letter to Don Slater stating that no compromise was possible and that ONE Inc. was in deadlock.

July 4: Louisiana millionaire Reed Erickson contacts ONE Inc. to offer financial assistance to the organization.

June 28: Erickson Educational Foundation founded by Reed Erickson in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

June 26: ONE Inc. is featured in a Life magazine article titled “Homosexuality in America.” (A photo of editor Don Slater graces page 70.)

Jan. 25th and 26th: ONE Inc.’s Annual Business Meeting, chaired by Joe Weaver (a.k.a. Joseph Aaron). Manuel Boyfrank was Secretary. Other members present: Antonio Sanchez, Rudolf Steinert (“Stuart”), Bill Lambert, and Don Slater. Harry Hay and John Burnside are elected to serve as Directors then resign shortly after due to a conflict over whether or not to elect Billy Glover as a director.

Don Slater’s account of the 1964, 1965 Elections at ONE Incorporated

Jan. 15th: Monwell Boyfrank submits a formal letter of resignation, due to health reasons, at a board meeting chaired by Bill Lambert.

Jim Schneider elected to Board of Directors of ONE, Inc.

Joseph Hansen, as “James Colton,” publishes his first novel, Lost on Twilight Road.

1963

John Rechy’s novel City of Night published by Grove Press.

The Society for Individual Rights [SIR] founded in San Francisco to help organize the gay commuinty.

In Britain, a group of Quakers publish a pamphlet titled “Toward a Quaker View of Sex” that argued that society “should no more deplore homosexuality than lefthandedness.”

Billy Glover and Melvin Cain
Nov. 22 [Fr]: President John F. Kennedy assasinated in Dallas. Billy Glover meets Melvin Cain later that afternoon, and they become lovers and friends.

Nov. 12 [Tu]: Corporate meeting. ONE, Inc. becomes divided over who should be elected into membership at the next annual meeting in January. Slater, Sanchez, and Steinert favor electing Billy Glover to corporate membership; Lambert, Aaron, and Boyfrank reject Glover in favor of others. It is decided to submit the names of Harry Hay, John Burnside, and Billy Glover as candidates.

Sept: Harry Hay meets John Burnside and the two begin living together two months later. The two remain lovers until Hay’s death on Oct. 24, 2002.

July 28 [Su]: Joan Corbin, known as “Eve Elloree,” is dropped from corporate membership due to poor attendance.

May: Harry Hay moves in with Jim Kepner in Echo Park. (They had started dating since earlier in the year.)

May 31 [Fr]: Joe Arron resigns as Chair of ONE Incorporated’s Promotions Committee. Jim Schneider is installed in his place.

Feb. 11 [Mo]: Spring semester begins at ONE Institute for Homophile Studies.

Feb. 1 [Fr]: ONE’s election of officers. Joseph Aaron is elected Chairman. W. Dorr Legg is elected Vice-chairman, and Monwell Boyfrank becomes Secretary/Treasurer.

Jan. 25 [Fr]: ONE Inc.’s Annual Meeting. Monwell Boyfrank becomes a director.

Jan. 25–27 [Fr–Su]: 9th Annual Midwinter Institute

1962

Joseph Hansen joins ONE’s Editorial Board.

Dec. 2: Morgan Farley resigns from corporate membership.

September 7: Fall semester begins at ONE Institute for Homophile Studies, with courses taught by Don Slater, Morgan Farley, and W. Dorr Legg.

June: Mattachine founder Bob Hull commits suicide.

May 1: ONE Inc. moves to Venice Blvd. after being evicted from its Hill Street office due to earthquake retrofitting. Actor Morgan Farley helps to secure the new office for ONE Inc., now known as “The Venice Group.”

March: Joseph Hansen debutes in ONE Magazine.

Jan. 26–28: 8th Annual Midwinter Institute. Harry Hay is an honored speaker.

Jan. 26 [Fr]: 10th Annual Business Meeting for ONE, Incorporated. ONE’s Chairman is Fred Frisbie (as “George Mortenson”). Don Slater is Vice-chair, and W.  Dorr Legg is Secretary/Treasurer. Actor Morgan Farley is elected to membership.

1961

Wayne Placke introduces Joseph Hansen to Don Slater, to see if Slater would publish one of Hansen’s stories.

San Francisco drag artist Jose Sarria becomes the first openly gay person to run for political office in the nation.

Dec. 11: Psychologist and long-time friend of ONE Blanche M. Baker dies.

July 23 [Su]: Date of Stella Rush’s Letter of Resignation from ONE’s board and as Associate Editor of ONE Magazine.

July 12 [We]: Stella Rush, known as “Sten Russell” resigns from ONE Magazine’s editorial board in a phone conversation with Don Slater.

Jan. 28 [Sa]: Frank Kameny writes to ONE, Inc. advising them of the Writ of Certiorari he had filed with the Supreme Court the day before.

Jan. 27 [Fr]: Fred Frisbie (known as “George Mortenson”) becomes a director of ONE, Incorporated, replacing Jim Kepner, who had resigned the prior November.

Jan. 28–29: 7th Annual Midwinter Institute and “Bill of Rights” fiasco.


This chronology was created by C. Todd White from information gathered while researching his doctoral dissertation, Out of Many... A Social History of the Homosexual Rights Movement. Dr. G. Alexander Moore was director of White’s dissertation committee, in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Southern California.

Posted by C. Todd White • This page was last updated on 2/4/08


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